In the recent past, the healthcare sector has witnessed colossal progress in Information Systems, and Technology has led to massive development in the Hospital Information Systems (HIS). HIS is referred to a system that manages all kinds of healthcare data and information. It involves collecting, storing, managing, and transmitting patient’s electronic medical records (EMR).
Due to the ever-increasing healthcare data, the usage of HIS is very crucial. Initially, the hospital information system was focused predominantly on the core financial aspects of the healthcare business. But later, the initiation of the Wide Area Network (WAN) formed the essential foundation for sharing digital data by enabling connectivity between various hospital sites. This inhibits data duplication, intensifies security, and simplifies data collection for analysis. Clinical Management, Patient Management, Diagnostics and Treatment, Supply Management, Financial Accounting, and Research and Education are some areas where HIS is doing wonders. HIS has generated various lines of progress:
There are two main categories of hospital information systems: Clinical Decision Support (CDS) and Electronic Medical Record (EMR). Electronic medical records preserve data, patients’ information, and physician notes in a technical software database. Electronic records enable the provider to follow the patient’s health over time, get access to the inputs of other consulting physicians, or recall the clinical assessment from the past hospital visit. EMR and CDS systems together form the pillar of the hospital information systems.
The accelerated development of automation in hospital information systems has become inevitable. Hospitals will experience pressure to upgrade their health information systems soon; hence, an integrated design and planning framework is needed.